Life on Galapagos: The Invertebrates

Life on Galapagos: The Invertebrates

 

The unique flora and fauna of the Galapagos Archipelago attract nature lovers from all over the world to explore the region. The best way to do it is on a Galapagos wildlife cruise, which affords participants the opportunity to experience the astounding diversity of the island’s habitats and encounter a wide range of animals.
The mammals, reptiles, birds and marine animals of the archipelago are fairly well known by visitors, and many of the high-profile species can be seen on a Galapagos wildlife cruise. Surprisingly, though, the largest group of organisms is often overlooked.

 

The Invertebrates

Invertebrates have no backbone and are officially classified as animals that “neither possess nor develop a vertebral column”. They include insects, spiders, snails, worms, centipedes and many others. Like all the wildlife, this group had to arrive at the islands either on the ocean currents, with birds, or attached to vegetation or driftwood washed up on the shoreline.

The terrestrial invertebrates exist in every habitat and account for around 51% of the archipelago’s total biodiversity. While they may be small in size, they are absolutely crucial to the delicate balance of the ecosystem. Not only do they act as pollinators, they contribute to the formation of soils by recycling organic matter, and they also feature as an important link in the food chain as part of the diet for birds and small mammals.

The marine invertebrates include the molluscs, sponges, annelids (segmented marine worms), cnidarians (including corals), echinoderms (sea cucumbers and urchins) and many others.

Unique and Imbalanced

While many are still identical to their ancestors on the South American mainland, due to the remoteness of the region and the diversity of habitat just as many have adapted in order to survive. It’s estimated that around 52% of them are endemic. This means that some groups are represented in greater proportion than others, so they are considered to be “imbalanced”.

It is not known exactly how many invertebrate species are found throughout the archipelago, although in 2001 the number was estimated to be well over 2,000 (just for terrestrial ones), with the insects the most diverse and numerous. Some of the insects that may be seen on a Galapagos wildlife cruise include butterflies, dragonflies, moths, wasps, grasshoppers, spiders and flies.

Giant Snails and Colourful Crabs

The giant land snails are a distinctive group comprising around 60 species. They are similar to Darwin’s Finches in that they appear to have made specific adaptations to survive in particular habitats.

While most invertebrates don’t enjoy the glamorous status of some of the mammals and reptiles seen on a Galapagos wildlife cruise, one certainly attracts attention. The delightfully skittish Sally Lightfoot Crab can be seen scurrying between rocks on the shoreline, and its vibrant red and blue shell makes it a favourite with nature lovers.

While at first glance this group may not be as impressive as the Giant Tortoise or have the character of the quirky Blue-footed Booby, they are no less interesting and just as important to maintaining the status quo of archipelago’s ecosystem.

Buy a printer for your officials – 5 things to consider


One of the most important officials decisions you will make is the type of printer that suits your needs. This is a resale that you will use every business day. But choosing the right printer may be difficult, there are many different printers with many variations of features and functions, and each printer comes with a combination of all the available features. Therefore, we collect some matters to consider, helping you to make informed decisions when purchasing your official printer.

Minimum Requirements

Most officials need to be able to inspect and copy and print; Therefore at least you need MFP (Multi Function Printers). But the choice did not stop there. Do you need to deliver the documents by fax? Do you need a circuit printer to connect to more than one machine? Are you going to print a color or will it print black and white enough for your needs? Do you have a laser printer or inkjet printer? With a reduction in the cost of laser printers, they are now highly recoded and equipped with features of the same functions as inkjet printers. To facilitate the printing of your officials, you need to sit down and decide exactly your minimum requirements.

Walking Kos

When purchasing a printer you also need to consider the boards needed to make sure the machine runs after the initial expenditure for the gizmo. The price of the printer may be low but the usage of usage may make it an option not to be executed. Look at the print cartridge board, initially the printer dakwat might appear as a cheaper short-term option, but the toner cartridge may result in greater long-term expression.

Support

If your printer does not work for a certain period of time, it may get your officials trapped and save money. The lifetime of the machine must be conserved and repaired if applicable mistake. Printer providers offer different and highly recommended support options that you consider to whitewash in an organizing program to ensure your machine is in top position and in the best possible performance. At least you only need to buy a printer that is covered by the manufacturer’s warranty, but may differ, make sure you read a good print.

Review

At face value, printer-issuing webpages will make their printers look like the biggest machines ever made, but do not take their word for them. The notion of the earnings will only give you goodness rather than the ugliness you need to make a decision. Search online to get information about the treadmill generated by third parties. However, please take note that it is assigned by the printer manufacturer and will always be an excellent review. The best page for looking unlikely is the site that publishes the test results for the printer; This page is free and more likely to be honest.

Speed

Finally, there is no point in buying a printer that has a slow print speed. In busy officials you do not have to waste your printer waiting period to issue your documents, but you buy a printer to increase the officers’ ability. If the printer is too slow it will alter the daily life of your officials. Search entries with very high page-level prints per minute (PPM).

The Gnarliest Waves at Nazareé, Portugal: Not For the Faint-Hearted

The Gnarliest Waves at Nazareé, Portugal: Not For the Faint-Hearted

The little Portuguese fishing village of Nazaré is a surfing hotspot during the summer months, but in winter only the real thrill-seekers stick around. One of these is undoubtedly Garrett McNamara, the big wave big boy from the US, who in 2011 broke the record for the biggest wave ever surfed — and he smashed it right here in Nazaré.
Big Names, Bigger Waves

 

This monster wave measured 78 feet and in 2013 McNamara returned to Nazaré where he surpassed his own record, riding an absolute whopper estimated to be 100 feet tall. Later that year, Carlos Burle of Brazil conquered a wave that seemed even bigger, winning international recognition with surfers worldwide.

In 2014 Andrew Cotton from Plymouth followed suit, and is now known as one of the 4 surfers who have ridden the hugest waves around these parts. He started surfing when he was seven, so if you want to check out these waves you’re going to need a lot of practice or some pretty decent surf travel insurance…

Why Such Big Waves?!

Nazaré is such a Mecca for surfers because of its enormous waves, and these waves exist for our adrenaline-fuelled enjoyment thanks to the make up of its ocean floor topography. Just like Hawaii’s Banzai Pipeline, the Tahitian Teahupoo and northern California’s Mavericks (amazing surfing spots any surfer worth their salt know!), Nazaré’s ocean floor boasts a huge underwater gorge.

The Nazaré Canyon stretches 125 miles, starting barely half a mile from the shore and reaching way out into the abyssal plain of the Atlantic Ocean. At 16,000 feet, its unbelievable depth, coupled with its perfect positioning, helps to magnify the waves that approach the Praia do Norte beach in Nazaré. It’s because of this that almost every single day you can bear witness to monster waves up to 4 times the size of those found elsewhere along the coast.

Daredevils and Pros Alike: Surf Travel Insurance is as Essential as Board Wax!

It’s undisputed that tackling these waves is not for the faint of heart. Monster waves often move much faster than others, which forces boarders to get distance from the dangerous, frothy white water as fast as they can.

This kind of surfing is less about aesthetics than its tamer cousin: think extreme sport rather than showy carving, quick cutbacks and pretty floaters. This is about braving the aggro (bad weather), tough conditions and brutal waves while trying to remain upright and avoid reef injuries, wipeout, or even death…

While we wouldn’t recommend big wave surfing to those who aren’t pros, now is a good time to start planning your summer surf trip to enjoy the sun and sea at your (adventurous) leisure! Before you race off to enjoy the surf, travel insurance is a must-buy. Embrace the waves without the fear of monstrous medical bills should anything go wrong. You never know, with a little practice you could even be the next big name to be borne of Nazarés big waves! Surf’s up!

The Anatomy of an Archipelago

The Anatomy of an Archipelago

For anyone with an interest in natural history, the group of islands collectively known as the Galapagos Archipelago is one of the most fascinating places on the planet. The region is renowned for its unique wildlife and the vital role it played in naturalist Charles Darwin’s research, from which he developed his revolutionary Theory of Evolution.
While the majority of visitors on guided Galapagos holidays arrive to experience a close encounter with the iconic wildlife, learning a little of the area’s geologic history can enrich the experience even beyond expectation.

 

The Anatomy of an Archipelago

The most common way for an archipelago to form is through constant volcanic activity. (They can also form from continental islands, due to erosion or evaporation of water.) Volcanic archipelagos can form in the ocean and in rivers or lakes as they erupt on beneath the surface of the water. When oceanic, the resulting land masses are known as an “island arc”. In many cases this forms as a result of a “hot spot”, in which parts of the Earth’s crust (tectonic plates) continually shift and create friction.

Where two tectonic plates meet and create a hot spot, magma (red-hot molten rock) can push through the sea floor to create an underwater volcano. As tectonic plates continue to shift over the hot spot, the constant eruptions cause lava to build up and up over millions of years until they emerge from the surface of the ocean to create an island.

In some cases, activity ceases when the tectonic plate eventually moves away from the hot spot. But in others, for example in Hawaii and Japan, the island chains continue to evolve, with many of the volcanoes still active today.

The Geology of Galapagos

The Galapagos Archipelago was formed through the repeated movement of the Nazca tectonic plate over millions of years. As it took place over such a long time period, the eastern islands in the chain are actually millions of years older than some of those in the west. The younger ones, like Isabela and Fernandina, for example, are thought to only be around a few hundred thousand years old, and are still in formation today. Some of the older ones, like San Cristobal and Espanola, may be up to five million years old – still relatively young in the history of the world. With the exception of Isabela (which, as the largest, is made up of six), each island was formed from a single volcano.

Due to their volcanic nature, most of the islands in the chain have a similar conical appearance, but they range from those with very low, gentle slopes to some that soar steeply more than 5,000 feet above sea level. It is this varied of topography that has created the astonishing diversity of habitat that supports the magnificent array of unique wildlife – much of which is endemic.

Discover a Unique Region on Galapagos Holidays

The geology and ecology of this isolated island chain make it one of the most unique places in the world. For those who want to learn more, organised small group Galapagos holidays provide the opportunity to explore this rich, bio-diverse part of the planet in an intimate, educational and truly memorable way.

New Atmosphere Room

New Atmosphere Room

Sometimes homeowners occasionally want to change the atmosphere of the room at home to look new. Like to replace the furniture , paint color or position of the contents of the room. But replacing the atmosphere that way is complicated and difficult. For example we take by changing the furniture, then the old furniture how? If thrown away, at any time we will need that furniture.

Change the atmosphere of the room at home we can do easily without a headache thinking about it. The trick is to replace the curtains at home. Changing the curtains can create a new look in our room. Now many models and motifs curtains that can be selected homeowners in accordance with the desired. Before choosing, first we must know first how to choose a good curtain. following his ways:
New Atmosphere Room
Budget must be Customized
Everything we want to do in arranging the room must have a budget, including in choosing a curtain. We must know first budget that we prepare to choose curtains, if limited then choose the appropriate budget curtains. although according to the budget, but we can still choose the curtains with good quality. And if our budget is not limited we can choose curtains with good quality.
New Atmosphere Room
Color
For the color of curtains we can take the same color with the interior of our room. Can also choose a contrasting color to look more prominent. For the matter of color depending on the home owner, if the house can choose a minimalist color or contrast. For classics should choose a matching color with the room.

Size
Nothing wrong before we buy the curtains, we measure the first curtains that we want to make it easier when we buy it. like curtains for windows, we better measure the window (frames) it. So that later not in choosing the curtains.

material
In choosing a curtain should pay attention to the material for the curtain. We must guarantee the quality of the material whether good or not. And my last suggestion is, better buy the curtains and then be in the hooks according to size rather than buying the ready-made curtains.

African Safari – Kenya Safari Tour has Become Affordable These Days!

African Safari – Kenya Safari Tour has Become Affordable These Days!

Exploring the African safari can bring a lifetime experience. There are many people who use to dream about such a tour. But this time you can make it happen! As such tours have become more affordable and convenient these days, many people from across the globe have started to head towards the Kenya safari tour. If you are also searching for a lifetime tour experience, then you must move for the African safari now. This type of tour can offer you a great chance to take part in wildlife adventure and to explore the actual culture of Africa. During such tours, you will explore the vital cultural encounters and the spectacular sceneries that have always managed to maintain the flow of tourists for African safaris. There are some big reasons why you should opt for the Kenya safari.
When you are looking forward to escape from the hustling and bustling daily life, a tour to African safari is what you should consider first. The safaris located at this part of the world are going to bring a complete change with the scenery that you use to explore daily. This type of tour can really take you away from the hustles and bustles of daily busy schedule. While exploring those big cats and the other animals dwelling under their natural habitat can bring a different touring experience for you. You might have visited different places on this earth. But moving for the Kenya safari is surely going to bring a different experience for you.

 

When you travel in the African safari under a relaxed and natural environment, you stay in a close touch with the Mother Nature. Really, the Mother Nature has blessed this part of the world with so many things. And exploring these aspects can help you find a perfect get away from the daily busy life. This is a kind of touring experience you are going to remember for a long time in your life. It’s the stresses that the modern life has exerted on us have really made us more mechanical. So, sometime we need to have a perfect leisure and this leisure should be spending at the Kenya safari. Moving in the Kenya safari can help you recharge all your batteries as well as explore the untamed places.

Now days you can also find the budget tours to African safari. These are the most affordable tour choices that you can find these days. Surely, these tours are going to help you save more and also ready to help you explore the natural, untouched and tranquilizing environment of the Kenya safari. Most of the African safaris are equipped with accommodation facility, game viewing, sightseeing and meals. This helps a tourist to manage his or her budget in a more efficient manner while going for the Kenya safari.

When you go for this type of tour to the African safari, you can also avoid those unexpected costs that use to add up with other holiday packages. When you choose the Kenya safari tour package that is offered by leading tour planners, you can always expect to get unbeatable deals.

10 Best Jobs for Maya Maid

If you are considering becoming a virtual help, it is important that you understand that not all virtual helpers do the same thing or work the same way. There are many options in this field of work. Here, we have provided a list of ten most popular (and profitable) cyber-assisted jobs. While your dream job may or may not be on this list, you must at least provide a single point of meeting and open your eyes to many possibilities before you.

1. Medical Transcription:

Medical respondents are responsible for hearing the record reports made by doctor and other medical professionals. They then make the ribbon a written report and, with it, requires a broad understanding of the term medical treatment. Most field jobs require virtual helpers to have at least two years of experience and / or graduation from an accredited medical transcription school. The necessary tools include the Stedman’s Medical Dictionary, stop / start pedal, high-quality hearing instrument, and high-speed internet connection.

2. Customer Care:

Half a virtual helpers prefer to work in the customer’s welfare sector, providing assistance, advice, receiving phone calls and general support to specific commercial customers or companies. This work requires a quiet working environment (no pets, kids, etc.) The sounds, Headsets, internet connections are high-speed and in need of permanent tuition with call waiting for less effort.

3. Data of Arrogance / Investigation:

For most commerce, companies and other organizations, he has important facts and facts that are very important. If you are a good investigator and can dig up a piece of information that can be trusted easily, then working as a data miner might be for you. The responsibilities and skills required vary from one position to the next but may follow appropriate directives, customs by using search phrases to bring true information on the internet, and can complete the necessary general document resources.

4. Top Reputation Management:

These days, if people want to know more about commerce, they are usually on the right to do so. Therefore, it has never been more important for good editors who positively paint the syarikats into what people can look for if they are in online. Virtual shoppers who work in reputational management are doing everything they can to promote positive, positive conversations about a particular organization. They may write positive reviews about the organization, review other forums or social media platforms, or help issue negative notices about the organization. Generally, extensive computer and internet knowledge, experience with search engines, social media and experience with various Web 2.0 tools is a must.

5. Social Media Management:

Akin works in reputable online management, many virtual helpers help promote positive representatives of companies or businesses through major social networking sites, such as LinkedIn, Facebook and Twitter. A social media professional can help create profiles in this series, package them frequently, and promote positive communication with customers and customers to build mutual trust relationships. Extensive knowledge of major social networking pages and good computer skills is a must.

Playing God in China’s mutant mice lab

Playing God in China’s mutant mice lab

Watch the new CBSN Originals “Playing God” on CBSN on Monday, November 6, at 8 p.m., 11 p.m. and 2 a.m. ET.

When it comes to genetic editing, China’s academic science apparatus does not try to hide much. On the marble exterior of this university building in Nanjing, China, the name proudly reads “National Resource Center for Mutant Mice.”

Inside, shelves house rows of what looks like plastic lunch boxes, mice whose genetic makeup has been tweaked to allow the scientists to try out different kinds of therapies. Nanjing University was one of the first academic institutions to start using CRISPR DNA-editing technology when it was discovered in 2012, and they’re charging ahead.

A scientist injects a mouse in Nanjing University’s National Resource Center for Mutant Mice. CBS NEWS
Dr. Xiang Gao and his staff edit the genomes of mice to investigate the causes of human diseases at the genetic level. They have more than 4,000 strains of CRISPR-edited mice here. They’re used for investigating cures for cancer, blindness, and even obesity in the hope that their discoveries can be translated to humans in short order.

They’re closer than most. CRISPR on human cancer patients, and Gao says more are underway.

Mice have been used for decades for initial phases of testing because their genetic makeup is close enough to that of humans to make the results useful, or at least, indicative. But when it comes to tweaking human DNA, there is still, says Gao, the “human problem.” That problem is ethical. “When you cross it, there’s no way back,” he tells CBS News.

French Barging: Bordeaux Cuisine

French Barging: Bordeaux Cuisine

Any trip through any region in France will likely be a culinary adventure. This is a country where the national cuisine is like a religion everyone believes and delicious home-cooked food can be found in the simplest brasserie restaurant. But while France is generally regarded as a very good home cooking, it does not mean that every department has no unique taste and taste of its own. From the northern crepes to the stews of the fish to the south, each region has a culinary tradition that boasts.
One of the great pleasures of a relaxed French barge cruise through a certain region of the country is the opportunity to instill yourself in the cuisine of this district and to discover the unique flavors, ingredients, and preparations used in local food. French Barging: Bordeaux Cuisine

Local ingredients of Bordeaux

The first thing you will see on your French barge cruise through the beautiful Bordeaux countryside is access to a variety of beautiful fresh and fresh ingredients. A landscape that includes a vast expanse of fields given for farming, the rivers that cross the road in this region, and the Atlantic coast that marks its border contributes to Bordeaux’s wonderful dishes. From fresh Atlantic oysters and local lamprey delights to the wild cèpes mushrooms found in forests and forests, Bordeaux’s natural environment is reflected in its cuisine.

As well as food grown on land, you will find different types of livestock kept in this fertile environment. Particularly notable in this area are lambs fed from Pauillac and lambs whose milk is used to make a famous local delicacy: Roquefort cheese. Of course the wine, especially Cognac and Armagnac, is the region’s most famous export; Not surprisingly, they all praised the delicious local cuisine.

Dishes to enjoy

On French Waterways French cruises, your on-board chef cruise will use a lot of fresh and locally sourced ingredients to create some of the delicious dishes served during your trip. Tasty food including pâté de fois gras, lamb with truffles, and cèpes prepared with breadcrumbs, garlic, parsley and ham, all can find their way to the dining table. Our chefs believe in a traditional approach to French regional cuisine – local drinks are served before the meal, and a three-course feast starts with a gentle amuse bouche to really get your flowing gastric juices. French Barging: Bordeaux Cuisine

There are some better ways to end your meal in Bordeaux than with a glass of Cognac or Armagnac to aid digestion and complete the fun of the evening. Whether you choose to enjoy it on your barge deck watching the sluggish winding of water beneath you, or in the company of friends in the elegant dining room, every meal will feel like a party to remember. In France the food is a way of life and there is no better place to enjoy a relaxed approach and pamper excellent cuisine than the French barge cruise through beautiful Bordeaux.

Paul Newman is a Marketing and E-Systems Executive for European Waterways, France’s most respected luxury barge cruiser service provider, and cruise ship barge to other major destinations. Part of an experienced barge team, Paul first queued to support a slow-paced barging cruise facility for anyone looking for a unique holiday experience. French Barging: Bordeaux Cuisine

Discover Ireland’s Grand Canal on a Barge Cruise

Discover Ireland’s Grand Canal on a Barge Cruise

For your next holiday, take a barge cruise down the Grand Canal and travel from Dublin to Shannon to discover all Ireland has to offer. You can admire the gorgeous green countryside and delightful little cottages that line the waterway, while diving into its interesting and intricate history as a commercial route which allowed the surrounding towns to prosper.
Length and Route

 

The Grand Canal in Ireland extends for 117 kilometres. Passing through Leinster, it flows from Ringsend in Dublin to the Shannon Harbour in County Offaly. This is the main route, built to connect the capital city with the country’s midlands. The waterway does also have another run that spreads from Lowtown in Couty Kildare to the River Barrow in Athy. There are also various branches that link up with four other towns, though it’s worth mentioning that your barge cruise will probably stick to the main route.

Along the way, you can enjoy beautiful views of Irish towns and villages with their charming little cottages, while admiring the many bridges that arch over the smooth water. The fauna and flora also remain untouched, with grassy towpaths and side roads lining the waterway and adding to the iconic Irish countryside feel.

History of the Grand Canal

Though the canal was closed to commercial traffic in the mid-twentieth century, it has since been restored to its former glory and regularly welcomes a variety of boats and barge cruises. It still features the original 43 locks, five of which are, from an engineering point of view, particularly interesting as they are double locks. Back in the day, these would have allowed the traffic to move faster as two boats can pass at once and there’s more chance of reaching a lock that’s in your favour. The lock-keepers’ cottages have also been refurbished to celebrate the history of this canal…

Relationship with The Guinness Factory

…And what a history it is! The Grand Canal played a crucial role in the creation and development of the Guinness factory. In 1759, two years after the construction of the canal began, Arthur Guinness founded his famous brewery. Thanks to the waterway, he could transport heavy loads of the raw materials he needed far more cheaply and effectively than by road. It was also an ideal way of exporting his finished product. When you pass through the eighth lock on a barge cruise, keep your eyes peeled for the Guinness filter beds which are still used by Arthur’s company today.

Impact of the Famine

In the first half of the nineteenth century, Ireland’s economy began to fail. As people lost their jobs, the Commission for Public Works set them to work on creating the canal. This was a successful scheme until the potato crops failed and the Great Famine broke out. Work had to be halted as labour became scarce. Eventually, trade and commerce on the canal declined, particularly as the construction of the railroads had just started.

By the 1980s, the Grand Canal had become something of a dumping ground. Thankfully, in 1986 it received a funding injection that sought to rejuvenate the canal and restore it to its former glory. Today boat traffic from barge cruises has increased and thousands are able to enjoy this historic waterway.

Paul Newman is the Marketing and E-Systems Executive for European Waterways, the UK’s most respected provider of all-inclusive, luxury barge cruise itineraries. Part of a team of experienced barging aficionados, Paul is first in line to endorse the perks of a slow-paced barge cruise to anyone looking for a unique holiday experience.